Underdiagnosis of early predictors of pulmonary embolism

L.V. Kodzoyeva, A.N. Kuznetsov, A.A. Nekrasov

Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy, Department of Faculty Therapy, Nizhny Novgorod
The study examined the early predictors of underdiagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) of the number of primary clinical indicators and their prevalence. We have reviewed 81 cases of fatal pulmonary embolism, confirmed by autopsy, in urgently hospitalized, 52 of them had the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism and 29 – did not have. It is established that the risk of a diagnostic error was raised by male gender, aggravation of ischemic heart disease, pain of any location, frequency ≤23 breaths per minute, the heart rate in the range 75–94 per minute, ESR >11 mm/h, all R-logical shifts. The risk was reduced by female gender, obesity, expressed tachypnea and tachycardia, intraventricular blocks, recent immobilization (p<0.05 for all parameters). Criteria related to underdiagnosis of PE had prevalence of 24.7 to 67.1% in all patients, which confirms the importance of taking them into account in the differential diagnosis.


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About the Autors

Kodzoyeva Luiza Visingireyevna, graduate student of Department of Faculty Therapy, Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy. Address: 603005, Nizhny Novgorod, 10/1 Minin and Pozharsky sq. Tel.: +79287966201. E-mail: luiza.kodzoeva@mail.ru

Kuznetsov Aleksandr Nikolaevich, MD, Professor, Head of Department of Faculty Therapy, Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy. Address: 603005, Nizhny Novgorod, 10/1 Minin and Pozharsky sq. Tel.: +79625122817

Nekrasov Aleksey Anatolevich, MD, Department of Faculty Therapy, Nizhny Novgorod State Medical Academy. Address: 603005, Nizhny Novgorod, 10/1 Minin and Pozharsky sq. Tel.: +79023047505

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